Electric-arc furnaces

SMU keeps track of the North American steel mills using electric-arc furnaces (EAFs) to produce steel out of scrap, pig iron, and DRI/HBI. Unlike blast furnaces, EAFs can be turned on and off. Also, they do not need to run at a steady state. For this reason, their operation status is usually listed as “running” unless we are aware of a major maintenance project that would take a furnace offline for an extended period of time. The table below includes information on plant names, location by city and state, furnace capacity, products, and the number of vessels.

EAF Status Table

Name City State Annual capacity (short tons) Product No. of vessels Running?
AHMSA Monclova Coahuila, Mexico 1,300,000 sheet and plate 1 No. Possible September 2024 restart.
Algoma Sault Ste. Marie Ontario, Canada 3,700,000 sheet and plate 2 No. Under construction, commissioning to start by end of 2024.
AM/NS Calvert (ArcelorMittal & Nippon Steel) Calvert Ala. 1,500,000 flat-rolled sheet 2 No. First EAF expected to start H2'24. Plans progressing for second EAF.
ArcelorMittal Dofasco Hamilton Ontario, Canada 1,400,000 flat-rolled sheet 1 Yes
Cleveland-Cliffs Butler Pa. 1,000,000 Some carbon slabs but mostly flat-rolled stainless and electrical steels. 1 Yes.
Coatesville Pa. 880,000 plate 1 Yes
Evraz North America Regina Saskatchewan, Canada 1,100,000 plate/HR** 2 Yes
JSW Steel USA Mingo Junction Ohio 1,500,000 flat-rolled sheet 1  Yes
NLMK Indiana Portage Ind. 800,000 flat-rolled sheet 1 Yes
North Star Bluescope Delta Ohio 3,300,000 flat-rolled sheet 3 Yes. Third EAF expected to reach full run-rate in early 2024.
Nucor Armorel Ark. 3,000,000 flat-rolled sheet 2 Yes
Brandenburg Ky. 1,200,000 plate 1 Yes
Cofield N.C. 1,600,000 plate 1 Yes
Crawfordsville Ind. 2,400,000 flat-rolled sheet 2 Yes
Ghent Ky. 3,000,000 flat-rolled sheet 2 Yes
Huger S.C. 2,600,000 flat-rolled sheet 2 Yes
Mason County W.Va. 3,000,000 flat-rolled sheet 1 No. Construction began October 2023, expected to last 2-3 years.
Trinity Ala. 2,400,000 flat-rolled sheet 2 Yes
Tuscaloosa Ala. 1,200,000 plate mill/HR 1 Yes
SSAB Americas Axis Ala. 1,250,000 plate mill/HR 1 Yes
Muscatine Iowa 1,250,000 plate mill 1 Yes
Steel Dynamics Inc. Butler Ind. 3,000,000 flat-rolled sheet 2 Yes
Columbus Miss. 3,400,000 flat-rolled sheet 2 Yes
Sinton Texas 3,000,000 flat rolled sheet 2 Yes
Ternium Pesqueria Nuevo León, Mexico 2,860,000 slab 1 No. Start-up expected H1'26.
U. S. Steel (Big River Steel) Osceola Ark. 6,300,000 flat-rolled sheet 4 Two of four are running. Big River 2's two additional EAFs are slated to come online later in 2024.
Total of above mills 56,940,000 42
Total of sheet mills only 40,600,000

** Evraz steel mostly used for pipe and tube manufacturing.
Last Reviewed: April 16, 2024