International Steel Prices

US CR prices still more expensive than imports

Written by David Schollaert

Offshore cold-rolled (CR) coil prices remain notably cheaper than domestic product. That remains the case even as US CR coil prices continue to tick lower.

All told, US CR prices are still 17.5% more expensive than imports. The premium is largely sideways from last week, when the domestic prices were 17.6% more expensive than offshore CR coil. Though flat week over week (w/w), the premium is down nearly half from 31.5% in early January.

In dollar-per-ton terms, US CR is now on average $147 per short ton (st) more expensive than offshore product. Thanks mostly to a decrease in stateside prices, the premium is down from a recent peak of $311 per short ton (st) from mid-January (Figure 1).

This week, domestic CR tags were $1,025/st on average based on SMU’s latest check of the market on Tuesday, June 4, down $10/st w/w. That figure is also down $125/st from early April 9 following seven consecutive weekly declines.

The charts below compare CR coil prices in the US, Germany, Italy, South Korea, and Japan. The left-hand side highlights prices over the last two years. The right-hand side zooms in to show more recent trends.


This is how SMU calculates the theoretical spread between domestic CR prices (FOB domestic mills) and foreign CR prices (delivered to US ports): We compare SMU’s US CR weekly index to the CRU CR weekly indices for Germany, Italy, and East Asia (Japan and South Korea). This is only a theoretical calculation. Import costs can vary greatly, influencing the true market spread.

We add $90/st to all foreign prices as a rough means of accounting for freight costs, handling, and trader margin. This gives us an approximate CIF US ports price to compare to the SMU domestic CR price. Buyers should use our $90/st figure as a benchmark and adjust up or down based on their own shipping and handling costs. (Editor’s note: If you import steel and want to share your thoughts on these costs, please get in touch with the author at

East Asian cold-rolled coil

As of Thursday, June 6, the CRU Asian CR price was $626/st, down $9/st w/w. Adding a 71% anti-dumping duty (Japan theoretical), and $90 per ton in estimated import costs, the delivered price to the US is $1,160/st.

The South Korean theoretical price is $716/st. The latest SMU cold rolled average of $1,025/st places US-produced CR theoretically $135/st cheaper than steel imported from Japan. But US tags are still $309/st more costly than cold rolled imported from South Korea.

Italian cold-rolled coil

Italian CR prices were down $1/st to roughly $739/st this week, but are up $9/st from a month ago. After adding import costs, the delivered price of Italian CR is in theory $829/st.

That means domestic CR is theoretically $196/st more expensive than CR coil imported from Italy. The spread is down $9/st from last week and now down $257/st from a recent high of $453/st in mid-December.

German cold-rolled coil

CRU’s German CR price ticked down $3/st vs. the week before’s $719/st. After adding import costs, the delivered price of German cold rolled is in theory $809/st.

The result: Domestic CR is theoretically $216/st more expensive than CR imported from Germany. The spread is down $7/st w/w and $212/st below a recent high of $431/st during the first week of 2024.

Notes: We reference domestic prices as FOB the producing mill, while foreign prices are CIF the port (Houston, NOLA, Savannah, Los Angeles, Camden, etc.). Inland freight from either a domestic mill or a port is important to keep in mind when deciding where to source from. It’s also important to factor in lead times. In most market cycles, domestic steel will deliver more quickly than foreign steel. Note also that, effective Jan. 1, 2022, the blanket 25% Section 232 tariff was removed from most imports from the European Union. It was replaced by a tariff rate quota (TRQ). Therefore, the German and Italian price comparisons in this analysis no longer include a 25% tariff. A similar TRQ with Japan went into effect on April 1, 2022. South Korea is subject to a hard quota rather than a tariff.

David Schollaert

Read more from David Schollaert

Latest in International Steel Prices